2013 Lincoln MKS: Better handling, increased power, improved efficiency, additional standard features, more refinement and new driver assist features provide luxury customers with important new reasons to consider Lincoln and its flagship sedan, the 2013 MKS. (11/17/2011)
New Lincoln MKS: Refinements Signal Direction for Brand Today, Tomorrow
Newly crafted interior of the 2013 Lincoln MKS features an all-new instrument panel, MyLincoln Touch™ and rich new color schemes crafted with new premium materials and genuine stitching.
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los angeles, Nov. 17, 2011 – Better handling, increased power, improved fuel efficiency, additional standard equipment, more refinement and new technologies that help drivers reduce accident risks provide luxury customers with important new reasons to consider Lincoln and its flagship sedan, the new MKS.
The full-size Lincoln MKS sports an updated, sleeker style for 2013 that headlines a range of improvements that match or exceed more expensive luxury-class contenders.
NEW LINCOLN MKS HIGHLIGHTS
> The Lincoln MKS is the only car in its segment to offer Continuously Controlled Damping (CCD) as standard equipment. By monitoring
suspension settings up to 500 times per second, the real-time system delivers a more engaging ride with improved handling, making the 2013 model the best-handling, most road-refined MKS ever
> Lincoln Drive Control allows drivers to easily change the on-road personality of the MKS. Moving the gear selector from ‘Drive’ to ‘Sport’ automatically adjusts handling performance, ride firmness, throttle response, shift feel, steering response and traction control/electronic stability control parameters. Drivers can further personalize the CCD suspension settings, including selecting the smoother-riding Comfort setting, using MyLincoln Touch™
> More projected standard horsepower (300 horsepower vs. 274 horsepower for 2012) is coupled with improved fuel economy; projected 19 mpg city/28 mpg highway, a 3-mpg highway improvement versus today’s car
> Significantly larger brake components increase braking power and fade resistance while improving pedal feel
> Improving quietness, additional noise barriers and absorbers are placed in the front wheel wells, around the shock towers, under the hood and in the trunk. Redesigned exterior rearview mirrors reduce wind noise
> Expanded SYNC® functionality includes standard Operator Assist and local Wi-Fi® hotspot capabilities for laptops and tablets
> Collision warning, new Lane Keeping Alert and new Lane Keeping Aid technologies help warn drivers of potentially dangerous situations and can help them avoid common accidents
> Exterior styling updates include new grille, hood, front fenders, HID headlamps, front fascia, 19- and 20-inch aluminum wheels, decklid, rear fascia, LED tail lamps and exhaust tips
> Newly crafted interior features an all-new instrument panel, MyLincoln Touch™ and rich new color schemes complementing new premium materials and genuine stitching
New chassis TECHNOLOGY
continuously CONTROLLED dAMPINg
Throughout 13 decades of the automobile’s development, suspension engineers have worked tirelessly to find an ideal balance between smooth ride and satisfying, confident handling. Traditionally, smooth-riding cars have not handled well, and sharp-handling cars have ridden harshly.
The new Lincoln MKS solves this dilemma and stands out as the only car in its segment to have Continuously Controlled Damping (CCD) as standard equipment.
“The CCD system in the 2013 MKS helps deliver an exciting driving experience for the driver that is comfortable, smooth and quiet, while at the same time dynamic and involving,” said Scott Tobin, Director, Lincoln Product Development.
Standard CCD delivers a more confident drive experience that introduces a key new Lincoln DNA – the balance of ride comfort and impressive handling.
Regardless of road conditions, drivers will enjoy a markedly smoother, more controlled ride because CCD is always tuning and refining the ride quality. The result of some 4,000 hours of development time, CCD delivers its on-road benefit by significantly extending the chassis’ capabilities compared to a chassis with non-adjustable struts and shock absorbers, known as “dampers” by chassis engineers.
Compared with the fixed-rate dampers fitted to the 2012 MKS, the new CCD dampers for the 2013 MKS offer dramatically expanded control range.
CCD utilizes an array of 46 inputs to feed data to a sophisticated control unit that continuously monitors more than 23,000 packets of information per second. Algorithms react to the data by calculating the optimal damping force every 2 milliseconds or 500 times per second. The system commands damping force changes 20 times per second (20Hz). On average, large damper force adjustments (such as firm to soft) occur in just 11 milliseconds. For engineers, mechanical actions that occur in less than 13 milliseconds are considered real-time actions.
The system’s powerful processing speed and fast-acting mechanicals enable CCD to constantly read the road surface and continuously adjust damping rates in real time across the three selectable ranges – Sport, Normal and Comfort. CCD operates so quickly that it can react pre-emptively.
CCD recognizes, for example, when the car is encountering a pothole and can instantly tighten damper control to prevent the wheel and tire from experiencing the full depth of the pothole. Typically, the damping rate increases by more than 150 percent versus the system’s softest setting, helping to smooth out an otherwise harsh and jarring event. The system is so quick that inputs received at the front wheels are then used to prepare the rear wheels to deliver a more refined driving experience.
“CCD is always active, and it underpins the expanded dynamic capabilities of the new MKS,” said Brian Naspinsky, Lincoln Vehicle Integration engineer. “CCD makes it possible to provide a smoother, more controlled ride over virtually any road surface in part by reducing body roll by up to 20 percent. CCD also improves handling. Understeer on the MKS has been reduced by approximately 25 percent, so the car feels more eager and ready to respond.”
Lincoln DRIVE CONTROL
“Lincoln Drive Control is where the magic happens because it pulls all of the car’s adjustable elements – suspension, steering, engine, and gearbox – into one harmonized system," explains MKS chief engineer, Mike Celentino. “With Lincoln Drive Control, the new MKS feels sporty, nimble and connected, yet the Lincoln ride is still there.”
The Lincoln Drive Control interface lends MKS distinct driving personalities that drivers can select. They include:
> Normal mode – When the gear selector is in Drive, Lincoln Drive Control delivers the ideal Lincoln ride, balancing comfort with confident control and handling. Many drivers will find this setting perfect for everyday driving as it provides an engaging drive experience and a direct connection to the road without sacrificing the composure and smooth expected from a luxury sedan
> Sport mode – When the gear selector is in Sport, Lincoln Drive Control transforms the vehicle’s personality to deliver a more performance-oriented driving experience. The following systems change settings in Sport mode:
> The CCD suspension switches from operating in its normal range to its firmest sport range which offers 25 to 30 percent more control than Normal mode, emphasizing handling
> The electric power-assisted steering recalibrates to provide more road feel and greater steering effort
> The engine responds more directly to the driver’s inputs
> The transmission upshifts at higher rpms. Downshifts become more aggressive and the transmission holds gears longer and during cornering. Additionally, sixth gear is locked out
> The vehicle’s traction control and electronic stability control settings are modified to allow more spirited driving
In addition to Normal and Sport, Lincoln Drive Control offers Comfort mode for when drivers want the most relaxed driving experience. Comfort mode can be activated using MyLincoln Touch via the Settings menu when the transmission is in Drive.
The Comfort mode instructs the CCD suspension to run in its softest range. The dampers exert 10 to 15 percent less control compared to the Normal mode. The electric power assisted steering system also reduces the effort needed to turn the wheel at low speeds, for example, when parking.
“CCD is the core new technology that makes Lincoln Drive Control possible,” said Naspinsky. “The system’s struts and shocks have more total range from firm to soft than a fixed-rate damper. This gives us the flexibility to offer three distinct suspension settings that gives the MKS multiple driving personalities that are easy for the driver to select.”
engines and transmissions
Projected Fuel Economy
3.7-liter V6 FWD
19 mpg / 28 mpg
3.7-liter V6 AWD
18 mpg / 26 mpg
3.5-liter EcoBoost V6 AWD
17 mpg / 25 mpg
Each engine equipped with six-speed automatic transmission; horsepower, torque and fuel economy projected
The standard engine for 2013 is a more powerful and efficient 3.7-liter V6 that now includes twin independent variable camshaft timing (Ti-VCT). The ability to vary camshaft timing to optimize the opening and closing of both the intake and exhaust valves increases the engine’s responsiveness and efficiency.
Horsepower for 2013 increases to a projected 300 from 273 – up 9 percent. Torque improves to 275 lb.-ft. at 4,000 rpm from 270 lb.-ft. At the same time, projected fuel economy increases for the 3.7-liter-equipped sedan – a 3-mpg improvement on the highway versus today’s MKS. The 3.7-liter delivers an estimated 19 mpg city/28 mpg highwayfor the front-wheel drive modeland18/26 mpg with the all-wheel-drive model.
The MKS now offers better standard highway mileage than the 2012 Acura RL, Cadillac STS and Mercedes-Benz E-350. Additionally, the Lincoln engine produces its power using regular unleaded fuel, not premium as required by some manufacturers, including Audi, BMW and Mercedes-Benz.
Specific accessory technologies were added to the 3.7-liter V6 to improve fuel economy performance and efficiency. Active Grille Shutters open and close depending on engine cooling needs. When fully closed, the shutters help reduce aerodynamic drag by 6 percent, improving highway fuel economy. A tuned dual-exhaust system enhances low-end torque. Smart Battery Management also contributes to improved economy by prioritizing the recharging of the vehicle’s battery at optimum times, such as when the vehicle is coasting.
3.5-liter EcoBoost V6
The premium engine for 2013 remains the twin-turbo 3.5-liter EcoBoost® V6, an engine that provides V8 performance with the fuel economy of a V6. The EcoBoost V6 earned a place on Ward’s 2010 “10 Best Engines” list the year it was introduced.
The 3.5-liter gasoline turbo direct-injected (GTDI) engine produces a projected 355 horsepower at 5,700 rpm and an expansive torque curve that plateaus at 350 lb.-ft. of torque from 1,500 to 5,250 rpm. Fuel economy of the EcoBoost/all-wheel-drive powertrain is projected to be 17 mpg city and 25 mpg highway.
The optional EcoBoost V6 is the most powerful V6 among MKS competitors, producing 45 more horsepower than the Audi A6’s optional supercharged 3.0-liter V6 and 55 more horsepower than the BMW 5-Series’ optional turbocharged 3.0-liter I-6.
“The engine combinations for the 2013 Lincoln MKS deliver an unbeatable combination of more refined power and enhanced fuel economy,” said Greg Johnson, Lincoln powertrain manager. “The 2013 Lincoln MKS has been engineered to deliver performance feel that’s smooth, effortless and confident.”
efficient SIX-speed transmissions
The 2013 Lincoln MKS is equipped with two versions of the six-speed SelectShift Automatic™ transmission, both with steering-wheel-mounted paddle shifters. The 3.7-liter Ti-VCT V6 uses the 6F-50. The more powerful 3.5-liter EcoBoost uses the heavy-duty 6F-55 which benefits from high-energy friction materials, a larger ring gear and a specific torque converter to handle the high torque output of the twin-turbo V6.
These gearboxes offer MKS drivers the choice of fully automatic operation or manual control. Intuitive to operate, a squeeze back on either paddle will deliver an upshift, while a gentle push forward on either paddle will induce a matched-rev downshift. Unlike some competitor transmissions, SelectShift won’t second guess the driver with an override shift. The manual function is truly controlled by the driver.
All-wheel drive is standard with the twin-turbo 3.5-liter V6 and optional on the 3.7-liter V6. In good weather, over smooth roads at modest speeds and when AWD is not needed, the system intelligently routes power only to the front wheels for improved fuel efficiency.
When driver input or road conditions indicate that slip might occur,